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Working with STM32 and UART part 5: Receiving Characters using DMA

In pervious guides, we took look how to send string using DMA (here), and how to receive characters using interrupt(here). In this guide, we shall use DMA to receive 5 characters and echo back the received character using DMA also.

UART

In this guide, we will cover the following:

  • Configure UART for full duplex (TX and RX).
  • Code 
  • Demo

1.1 Configure UART for full duplex with DMA 

In part 1 we discussed how to set the uart to send a single character, we shall use the same initialization sequence.

We started by enabling clock access to USART2 and GPIOA port

RCC->APB1ENR|=RCC_APB1ENR_USART2EN;
RCC->AHB1ENR|=RCC_AHB1ENR_GPIOAEN;

From part one, we concluded that PA2 is the TX pin and PA3 is the RX pin. Hence, we configure them as alternate function and which alternate function as following:

GPIOA->MODER|=(1<<5);//set bit5
GPIOA->MODER&=~(1<<4);//reset bit4

GPIOA->MODER|=(1<<7);//set bit7
GPIOA->MODER&=~(1<<6);//reset bit6

GPIOA->AFR[0]=0x07700; //ALT7 for UART2 (PA2 and PA3)

Now we need to configure the UART

We starting by setting the baud rate to 9600 as following:

USART2->BRR  = 0x0681;    //9600 @16MHz

Then we enable the TX and RX of the UART as following

USART_CR1
USART2->CR1|=USART_CR1_TE|USART_CR1_RE;

Then enable DMA_TX and DMA_RX in CR3

USART2->CR3|=USART_CR3_DMAR|USART_CR3_DMAT;

Then from CR1 we enable transfer complete interrupt as following

USART2->CR1|=USART_CR1_TCIE;

And finally enable UART from CR1

USART2->CR1|=USART_CR1_UE;

1.2 Configure DMA

For UART DMA transmission, please refer to part 4 of the UART guide (here).

In order to configure DMA to receive data, we need to find which stream and channel of UART_RX is connected to.

From image below, we can see USART2_RX is stream5 channel 4

We start of by enabling clock to DMA as following:

RCC->AHB1ENR |= RCC_AHB1ENR_DMA1EN;

Then disable the current DMA Stream as following

		DMA1_Stream5->CR &= ~1;         /* disable DMA1 Stream 5 */
		while (DMA1_Stream5->CR & 1) {} /* wait until DMA1 Stream 5 is disabled */

clear all interrupt for Stream5

DMA1->HIFCR = 0x00003F00;       /* clear all interrupt flags of Stream 5 */

Set the peripheral to be UART2->DR, memory address and number of transfer as following

DMA1_Stream5->PAR =(unsigned int)&USART2->DR;
    DMA1_Stream5->M0AR = (unsigned int)(d);
    DMA1_Stream5->NDTR = sizeof(d);

Next we set the following

  • set to channel 4
  • Memory and peripheral size to 8-bit
  • Memory increment
  • Circular mode
  • Direction peripheral to memory
  • Transfer complete interrupt
  • Enable the stream
DMA1_Stream5->CR =(1<<27);
		DMA1_Stream5->CR|=(1<<10)|(1<<8)|(1<<4);
		DMA1_Stream5->CR|=(1<<0);
		NVIC_EnableIRQ(DMA1_Stream5_IRQn);  /* DMA interrupt enable at NVIC */

Stream 5 interrupt handler

void DMA1_Stream5_IRQHandler(void)
		{
		if((DMA1->HISR)&(1<<11)) //DMA receive complete
			{
			done_rec=1; //set receive data to 
			DMA1->HIFCR|=(1<<11);
			}
		}

in the while loop, if the received data completed, echo back the received data

	if(done_rec==1){
		sprintf(message,"Received characters are %s \r\n",d);
		done_rec=0;
        done = 0;               /* clear done flag */
        DMA1_Stream6_setup((unsigned int)message, (unsigned int)&USART2->DR, strlen(message));
				while (done == 0) {}    /* wait until DMA data transfer is done */

2 Code

Here is the full code

#include "stm32f4xx.h"                  // Device header
#include "string.h"
#include "stdio.h"
void USART2_init(void);
void DMA1_init(void);
void DMA1_Stream6_setup(unsigned int src, unsigned int dst, int len);
void DMA1_Stream5_setup();

int done = 1;
int done_rec=0;
char d[5];
char message [100]={'\0'};
    
int main (void) {
			
  USART2_init();
  DMA1_init();
  DMA1_Stream5_setup();
	sprintf(message,"started\r\n");
	 DMA1_Stream6_setup((unsigned int)message, (unsigned int)&USART2->DR, strlen(message));
	while (done == 0) {}    /* wait until DMA data transfer is done */	
	
	
	
    while (1) {
			
	if(done_rec==1){
		sprintf(message,"Received characters are %s \r\n",d);
		done_rec=0;
        done = 0;               /* clear done flag */
        DMA1_Stream6_setup((unsigned int)message, (unsigned int)&USART2->DR, strlen(message));
				while (done == 0) {}    /* wait until DMA data transfer is done */
				
    }
		}
}

void USART2_init (void) {
    RCC->AHB1ENR |= 1;          /* enable GPIOA clock */
    RCC->APB1ENR |= 0x20000;    /* enable USART2 clock */

		GPIOA->AFR[0]=0x07700; //ALT7 for UART2
		GPIOA->MODER|=0x0080;  //enable PA3 as alternate function
		GPIOA->MODER|=0x0020; //enable PA2 as alterate fuction

    USART2->BRR = 0x0683;       /* 9600 baud @ 16 MHz */
    USART2->CR1 = 0x0008|(1<<2);       /* enable Tx, 8-bit data */
    USART2->CR2 = 0x0000;       /* 1 stop bit */
    USART2->CR3 = 0x0000;       /* no flow control */
    USART2->CR1 |= 0x2000;      /* enable USART2 */
    USART2->CR3 |= (1<<7)|(1<<6);  /* enable USART2 TX/RX DMA */
    USART2->SR = ~0x40;         /* clear TC flag */
    USART2->CR1 |= 0x0040;      /* enable transmit complete interrupt */

    NVIC_EnableIRQ(USART2_IRQn);    /* USART2 interrupt enable at NVIC */
}


void DMA1_init(void) {
    RCC->AHB1ENR |= RCC_AHB1ENR_DMA1EN;     /* DMA controller clock enable */
    DMA1->HIFCR = 0x003F0000;       /* clear all interrupt flags of Stream 6 */
    NVIC_EnableIRQ(DMA1_Stream6_IRQn);  /* DMA interrupt enable at NVIC */
}

void DMA1_Stream5_setup()

	{
		RCC->AHB1ENR |= RCC_AHB1ENR_DMA1EN;
		DMA1_Stream5->CR &= DMA_SxCR_EN;         /* disable DMA1 Stream 5 */
		while (DMA1_Stream5->CR & 1) {} /* wait until DMA1 Stream 5 is disabled */
		DMA1->HIFCR = 0x00003F00;       /* clear all interrupt flags of Stream 5 */
		DMA1_Stream5->PAR =(unsigned int)&USART2->DR;
    DMA1_Stream5->M0AR = (unsigned int)(d);
    DMA1_Stream5->NDTR = sizeof(d);
		DMA1_Stream5->CR =(1<<27);
		DMA1_Stream5->CR|=(1<<10)|(1<<8)|(1<<4);
		DMA1_Stream5->CR|=(1<<0);
		NVIC_EnableIRQ(DMA1_Stream5_IRQn);  /* DMA interrupt enable at NVIC */
		
	}



void DMA1_Stream6_setup(unsigned int src, unsigned int dst, int len) {
	
		USART2->SR &= ~USART_SR_TC;          /* clear UART transmit complete interrupt flag */
	
    DMA1_Stream6->CR &= ~1;         /* disable DMA1 Stream 6 */
    while (DMA1_Stream6->CR & 1) {} /* wait until DMA1 Stream 6 is disabled */
    DMA1->HIFCR = 0x003F0000;       /* clear all interrupt flags of Stream 6 */
    DMA1_Stream6->PAR = dst;
    DMA1_Stream6->M0AR = src;
    DMA1_Stream6->NDTR = len;
    DMA1_Stream6->CR = 0x08000000;  /* USART2_TX on DMA1 Stream6 Channel 4 */
    DMA1_Stream6->CR |= 0x00000440; /* data size byte, mem incr, mem-to-peripheral */
    DMA1_Stream6->CR |= 0x16;       /* enable interrupts DMA_IT_TC | DMA_IT_TE | DMA_IT_DME */
    DMA1_Stream6->CR |= 1;          /* enable DMA1 Stream 6 */
}


void DMA1_Stream6_IRQHandler(void)
{
    if (DMA1->HISR & 0x000C0000)    /* if an error occurred */
        while(1) {}                 /* substitute this by error handling */
    DMA1->HIFCR = 0x003F0000;       /* clear all interrupt flags of Stream 6 */
    DMA1_Stream6->CR &= ~0x10;      /* disable DMA1 Stream 6 TCIE */
}


void USART2_IRQHandler(void)
{
    USART2->SR &= ~0x0040;          /* clear transmit complete interrupt flag */
    done = 1;                       /* set the done flag */
}

void DMA1_Stream5_IRQHandler(void)
		{
		if((DMA1->HISR)&(1<<11)) //DMA receive complete
			{
			done_rec=1;
			DMA1->HIFCR|=(1<<11);
			}
		}

Demo

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