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Working with STM32 and Timers part 3: Timer Interrupt

In previous two guides, we discussed how to use timer to generate delay (here) and how to generate PWM signal (here). In this guide, we shall look how to configure TIM2 to generate an interrupt every second and toggle an led every second.

In this guide, we will cover the following

  • What is an interrupt
  • Configure TIM2 to generate Interrupt
  • Code
  • Demo

1. What is an interrupt:

Interrupt is a process to notify the cpu that there is a request and it should be handled as soon as possible See figure below.

The CPU will find the current instruction in the main loop (which is empty in our case) and jump to ISR function to toggle PA5 and jump back to main loop.

For more information, please refer to this guide (here)

TIMER ISR

2. Configure TIM2 to generate interrupt

We starting by enabling Clock access to TIM2 as following

RCC->APB1ENR|=RCC_APB1ENR_TIM2EN; //enable TIM2 clock

then select the proper prescaller as following

TIM2->PSC=16000-1;

Then we select the ARR (maximum value the counter shall count)

TIM2->ARR=1000-1;

Enable Update interrupt enable as following

TIM2->DIER|=TIM_DIER_UIE;//enable interrupt

Now we need to enable TIM2 interrupt handler in NVIC as following

NVIC_EnableIRQ(TIM2_IRQn);

Finally, we enable the timer as following

TIM2->CR1|= TIM_CR1_CEN;

After that, the timer interrupt handler as following

void TIM2_IRQHandler(void)
	{
	TIM2->SR=0; //clear status register
	//toggle PA5
	GPIOA->ODR^=GPIO_ODR_OD5;
	}

3. Code

#include "stm32f4xx.h"
int main(void)
	
{

	RCC->APB1ENR|=RCC_APB1ENR_TIM2EN; //enable TIM2 clock
	RCC->AHB1ENR|=RCC_AHB1ENR_GPIOAEN;//Enable GPIOA clock
	
	GPIOA->MODER|=GPIO_MODER_MODE5_0;//set PA5 as output
	//set timer prescaller and Auto Reload value
	TIM2->PSC=16000-1;
	TIM2->ARR=1000-1;
	TIM2->DIER|=TIM_DIER_UIE;//enable interrupt
	NVIC_EnableIRQ(TIM2_IRQn);
	TIM2->CR1|= TIM_CR1_CEN;
	
	
	
	
	
	
	while(1)
			{
			;
			}


}

void TIM2_IRQHandler(void)
	{
	TIM2->SR=0; //clear status register
	//toggle PA5
	GPIOA->ODR^=GPIO_ODR_OD5;
	}

Demo

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